Policy & Research

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the geopolitical structures of the Cold War era that produced the division of the Korean peninsula have disintegrated. Although China has replaced the Soviet Union as North Korea’s principal ally and economic lifeline, China’s interests have matured from Cold War ideological confrontation to prioritizing economic growth and regional stability. North Korea has become a barrier to the economic development of the region, and North Korea’s international isolation and provocative actions, a source of frustration to China.

Unification is increasingly being studied, not as a distant dream for future generations, but as a realistic and a strategic approach to promoting regional stability, economic growth, and denuclearization of the peninsula. Following the North–South Joint Declaration in 2000, international scholars and Korea experts have increasingly explored scenarios that could provide the impetus for reunification, including the collapse of the North Korean regime and other more measured steps that could accommodate the interests North and South, as well as neighboring countries.

Policy Experts on Korea Reunification

The Korean Peninsula: An Opportunity and NOT a Crisis

The properties of substances and Nations can change under extreme heat and pressure. After more than six decades of diplomatic stagnation, an unprecedented nexus of factors have brought us to this moment when the heat and pressure are high. An address by Dr. William J Parker III, Chief Operating Officer, EastWest Institute

read more

Leading the Process of Peaceful Unification of the Korean Peninsula

International consensus on the unification of the Korean Peninsula can be reached when the international community reaches an agreed vision of the unification and joins hands to help make that vision a reality, overcoming the old Cold War mindset. An address by Sang jin Shin,
National Assembly of Korea

read more

AKU’s Innovative Approaches for Realizing One Korea

The unification movement should be more about the vision than political process. e vision by all means regardless of any political difficulties. A strong and broad civil base is a key groundwork for peaceful unification. An address by Inteck Seo, Co-chair, Action for Korea United

read more

Keynote Address – International Forum on One Korea

Koreans today need to draw upon the shared destiny and cultural values that long predate the conflicting ideologies since 1945 to bridge the ideological, political, economic and national divides on the peninsula and build a peaceful future for all Koreans. An address by Global Peace Foundation Chairman Dr. Hyun Jin P. Moon

read more

How Japan Can Prepare for Unification of Korean Peninsula

Japan needs to go beyond its conventional style of diplomacy, which focuses on dealing with the current situation, and prepare a Korean Peninsula policy that takes into account the potential for regime change in North Korea and north-south unification at some stage in the future. An address by Atsushi Ijuin, Lead Economist, Japan Center for Economic Research

read more

Looking for a Road to Peace and Reconciliation in Korea

Experience of dealing with the DPRK testifies that excessive pressure and coercion had led, in majority of cases, to greater suspicion and hostility, while engagement and respect for certain positions shaped by history’s legacies, brought about cooperation and compromise. An addres by Dr. Alexander Zhebin, Director, Center for Korean Studies, Institute of Far Eastern Studies.

read more

Second Korean War Imminent but Avoidable

The four years of the Trump administration represent perhaps the last window available to resolve the Korea problem through a peaceful reunification. An address by Madhav Das Nalapat, UNESCO Peace Chair, Department of Geopolitics and International Relations, Manipal University.

read more

Expanding Global Consciousness for 1 Korea

The vision of the Korean Dream can be engaged across multi-sector, track two approaches to expand global consensus for One Korea. An address by David L. Caprara, Vice President, Global Peace Foundation.

read more

Korea’s Future and World Peace

Throughout history, closed and isolated countries have been perished, and countries with active international exchanges have flourished. An address by Dr. Jin Shin, Professor, Chungnam National University.

read more

USA perspectives for One Korea

To change North Korea’s behavior, the West must first change China’s. It must be made to pay a price for enabling North Korea to create an existential threat for South Korea, Japan, and the United States. An address by Joseph Bosco, Senior Associate, Center for Strategic and International Studies

read more

Reflections on the Declaration of Unification

Just as the unanimous wish of the Korean people was reunification a century ago, the wish of the Korean people today is also reunification and is an outcome of self esteem striving not to lose dignity and belief in realization of justice. An address by Dr. Young-tae Kwon, Senior Researcher, Global Peace Institute.

read more

China’s Perspectives on North Korea and Korean Reunification

China’s central principle is the stability of the Korean Peninsula. China would like to maintain the stability on the Peninsula and whole Northeast Asia so that China can continue to concentrate in its national economic development and modernization, which has been China’s national priority for decades. An address by Chu Shulong, Institute of International Strategic and Development Studies, Tsinghua University

read more

The Emerging Role of Civil Society in Opening North Korea

Change in the North is fraught with challenges and complexities. But expanding the possibilities and practice of freedom will be a key to progress. Principles that lift up human dignity, creativity and responsibility are the foundation for a free society to prosper and flourish. An address by Dr. Edwin Feulner, Founder, the Heritage Foundation.

read more

Japan’s Northeast Asia Strategy and Reunification of Korean Peninsula

Threats from North Korea have increased the investment and security risks in the region. To lower this risk, the best way would be to elevate the level of mutual dependency by strengthening economic ties between Northeast Asian countries and North Korea. An address byChanwoo Lee, Specially Appointed Fellow Japan Center for Economic Research.

read more

The ‘Christ-Buddha’ Path to Korean Unity

“Christ-Buddha path to Korean unity” refers to the need for the North Korean leadership to show the wisdom of Lord Buddha and for the South Korean side to exhibit the compassion of Jesus Christ. An address by Madhav Das Nalapat, UNESCO Peace Chair, Department of Geopolitics and International Relations, Manipal University.

read more

‘Hongik Ingan’ as the Governance Principle of One Korea

Rooted in the founding legend of the very first Korean kingdom in 2333 BC, Hongik Ingan has served as the guiding doctrine both for the rulers in governance and general populace in ordinary lives through millennia. An address by Dr. Jai Poong Ryu, Chairman
One Korea Foundation; Professor emeritus, Loyola University

read more

Russia’s Efforts for Peace and Reconciliation in Korea

The promotion of a good-neighborhood and mutually advantageous cooperation with the regional states in Northeast Asia is getting ever more important in view of Russia’s policy “Turning to the East.” An address by Dr. Alexander Zhebin, Director of the Center for Korean Studies of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies.

read more

China’s Role in Korean Unification Vision and Northeast Asian Peace-Building

For China, the division of the Korean Peninsula is a historical product and the master of the ultimate unification on the Peninsula are the Korean people; outside powers’ interference, no matter what the motive will be, cannot stop the unification trend. An address by Xiaohe Cheng, Deputy Director, Center for China’s International Strategic Studies, Renmin University of China

read more

Korean Unification Vision and Northeast Asian Peace-Building: A Japanese View

North Korea’s nuclear weapons development has been a major security concern for Japan, South Korea, the United States, China, and Russia. Japan’s active economic engagement with North Korea would contribute significantly to peace-building in Northeast Asia and promote Korean unification. An address by Dr. Yoshinori Kaseda, University of Kitakyushu.

read more

The Future Vision for a Unified Korean Peninsula: A U.S. Perspective

Korea has always been part of the larger U.S. strategic policy for the region and the world. The United States has not and will not produce a Korean unification policy on its own for implementation beyond the level of rhetoric. An address by Tong Kim, Visiting Professor at Korea University and at The University of North Korean Studies.

read more

The Future Vision for a Unified Korean Peninsula: A Chinese Perspective

To Chinese government, a rapid and violent reunification is clearly undesirable, but an “independent, peaceful, and gradual” reunification is different and would be desirable. Yet, such a desirable reunification is deemed by Chinese government as unfeasible in the near future. An address by Tong Kim, Visiting Professor at Korea University and at The University of North Korean Studies,

read more

Resources on Korean Division and Reunification

Center for Strategic and International Studies

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is one of the world’s preeminent international policy institutions focused on defense and security, regional study, and transnational challenges ranging from energy and trade to global development and economic integration. For the past six years consecutively, CSIS has been named the world’s number one think tank for international security by the University of Pennsylvania’s “Go To Think Tank Index.” The CSIS Chair partners with a number of groups to organize international conferences and forums to bring greater transparency and understanding to issues associated with planning for the unification of the Korean peninsula.


The Heritage Foundation is a leading American research institute based in Washington, D.C. The foundation took a leading advisory role during the presidency of Ronald Reagan, whose policies were taken from Heritage’s policy study Mandate for Leadership. Heritage has since continued to have a significant influence in U.S. public policy, and is considered to be one of the most influential conservative research organizations in the United States.

Global Peace Foundation

The Global Peace Foundation (GPF) is an international nonprofit organization with a stated mission to promote “an innovative, values-based approach to peacebuilding, guided by the vision of One Family under God.” GPF partners with government ministries, community and faith-based organizations, and United Nations offices to develop and execute programs.

Ministry of Unification

The Ministry of Unification is an executive department of the South Korean government aimed at promoting Korean reunification. It was first established in 1969 as the National Unification Board, under the rule of Park Chung-hee. It gained its current status in 1998 and has played a major role in promoting inter-Korean dialogues, and exchanges and cooperation.